Green Spaces, Gardens and Squares

Parks, Gardens, and Squares

​​​​​PARKS

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Green Space at Malagueira

With an area of 108,230 m2 is currently the largest green area of the city, with an extensive and continuous meadow, crossed by two water lines. Features several zones from the more formal "Jardim dos Socalcos", to the Lake area and Jardim da Memória, destined to informal use.

Green Space at Vila Lusitano

Informal urban greenspace of 32,890 m2, between Vila Lusitano and Bairro da Torregela, with an extensive meadow, quite wooded, crossed by Ribeira da Torregela. Includes a space for games and Recreation


Coronheiras Park

Space with 17.978 m2 at the civil parish of Bacelo, with zones designed for recreation and activities, rest and lazier. Green areas are extensive and continuous, with a kiosk / bar / terrace, in the highest zone established as a viewing point. Other places of interest are the sports center and the gravel zone for jogo da malha (a traditional game similar to quoits.)



Dr. Almeida Margiochi Children's Playground

The space in which the Almeida Margiochi Children's Playground is currently located, met its limit by the construction in 1826, of the first ring road around the walls.
In 1874 the land was acquired by private persons, and later came to the possession of Francisco de Almeida Margiochi who decided to feed the dream of building a public space aimed at children.
After his demise, the lands came to the possession of the Municipality, on May 15, 1958. In the deed, was included the condition to use the space according to the dream of his deceased owner. Respecting compliance with the conditions, the City Hall carried out the work in the following four years. Thus was born the Children's Playground, to which was given the name  Dr. Almeida Margiochi.
The space was intervened in 2017 for its restructuring and modernization, taking into account the current requirements in terms of security. Today it has become a pleasant green space, equipped with various equipment and infrastructures suitable for games and playground.

Schedule:
  • Open: Every Day at 08 a.m.
  • Closed:
    • ​January: 7:00 p.m.
    • February: 7:00 p.m.
    • March: 7:00 p.m.
    • April: 8:30 p.m.
    • May: 9:00 p.m.
    • June: 9:00 p.m.
    • July: 9:00 p.m.
    • August: 9:00 p.m.
    • September: 8:00 p.m.
    • October: 7:00 p.m.
    • November: 7:00 p.m.
    • December: 7:00 p.m.


​GARDENS

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Garden of Diana 

In the extension of Largo do Conde de Vila Flor, in close dialogue with the Roman Temple, stands the Garden of Diana. Overlooking the houses of Mouraria, it offers a privileged view over the Alentejo plain. Humble, of orthogonal design with well-defined tree alignments, this garden is sought as a place to be and for contemplation, in the city. All around, clinging to the whitewashed walls, the sweethearts still remain. A sculpture alluding to lovers marks the center of the viewing point, under the freshness of the fountain and the calm sound of falling water. It is said that on summer afternoons the breeze that runs is the most refreshing in the city. The shade is provided by spontaneous trees of Portuguese flora. Nettle trees line the paths and common ash trees emphasize the centrality of the space where the monument with the bust of Dr. Francisco Barahona, great benefactor of the city of Évora, stands. The viewing point with unique characteristics in the urban fabric, invites you to a long gaze, over the white city.



Public Garden

Also known as "Passeio Público", the current Public Garden was started in 1863, under the direction of the architect and set designer José Cinatti (1808-1879), who at that time was conducting in the vicinity, the works of the Barahona Palace to which corresponds the main entrance.
Its model replicates the romantic ideal of a garden, very much in vogue in the second half of the 19th century, characterized by the "organic" layout, a taste for exotic vegetation, lakes, fountains and waterfalls, allegorical and memorialist statuary and a dramatized evocation of the past through "feigned ruins."
The Public Garden occupies a little more than three ha, a part of which, was previously allocated to the Royal Palace garden and orange grove, to which two other important green spaces of the city: the Mata (forest) and the Almeida Margiochi´s playground, have been articulated.

Banstand
Évora was one of the first Portuguese cities to have philharmonic bands. After the bandstand construction in 1888, major musical concerts were held here, particularly on Sundays, a memory that prevailed throughout the 20th century.
Made of wrought iron, accordant with the revivalist taste at the time, the bandstand project was inspired by Joaquim Sales da Costa, the Councilor for public works, as an essential element to the Public Garden sociocultural entertainment, being inaugurated on May 20, 1888.

"Feigned Ruins"
Scenic construction of revivalist inspiration and neomanueline character, designed in 1865 by the Italian architect and set designer José Cinatti (1808-1879).
In its design were used architectural materials from the demolition of the Counts of Vimioso Palace, in Evora, whose heraldic memory was registered in the frieze of merlons that crown the medieval tower of the new fence, where in addition, along with the old wall, were fancifully  reintegrated the Manueline-Mudéjar elements.
These decorative elements, chosen to better suit the time of construction of the neighbouring Palace of D. Manuel, reflect a romantic idea of splendour and magnificence of the country associated with the time of Portuguese Discoveries.

Walls and Fortifications
The Public Garden is embedded in what used to be the Royal Palace former garden and orange grove, between the medieval wall of the mid-fourteenth century and the bastion fortress from the second half of the seventeenth century. Of these military structures, some sections of the so-called New Fence remain preserved, including the square tower that supports the "Feigned Ruins" and one of the eighteenth century ramparts, designated as Conde de Lippe, in whose angles; one can find the characteristic watchtowers.

D. Manuel Palace
The remaining structure of what was the regal complex of the Portuguese royal family, was built in the Manueline period, around 1513-1516, by Martim Lourenço master-builder, in partnership with Lourenço Gonçalves head-carpenter, from Évora.
Formerly connected with São Francisco royal palace, through an extensive balcony - where Prince Manuel's acclamation and general courts were held in 1535, the remaining body is a typical Manueline specimen, with twin horseshoe arched windows, and a central tower with three Renaissance windows from the time of King John III. The set replicates, albeit in another scale, the original volumes of Paço da Ribeira, in Lisbon.
The Palace D. Manuel, a National Monument since 1910, has had several uses over time, particularly in the last two centuries: it was a military warehouse (Trem), archaeological deposit, theatre and public events space. Recuperated in the middle of the 20th century, after a great fire, from which resulted the current configuration (partly reinterpreted from what is supposed to have been the old 16th century building), is now used by the municipality of Évora, its owner, for socio-cultural events.

Oliveira da Paz (The olive tree of peace)
The Oliveira da Paz, located in the Public Garden, at the entrance to Rua da República, was planted by the Municipality of Évora in July 1919, to mark the end of the First World War as a symbol of peace and perseverance in the struggle of the allied peoples, against Germany.

Seeds From Hiroshima
The city of Hiroshima, under the Mayors for Peace organization, bequeathed to Évora the seeds from treessurvivors of the atomic bombing of 1945, as symbols of peace and hope.
These seeds from the species: Kurogane Azevinho (Ilex Rotunda) and Camphor (Cinnamomum Camphor), were placed in the garden near the entrance of Praça 1º de Maio, under a protective structure, representing the "Atomic Bomb Dome" of Hiroshima , a building hit by the nuclear bomb that has remained unchanged to this day in memory of the victims.
In August 1945, during the World War II, the Japanese city of Hiroshima was hit by an atomic bomb launched by the United States of America. In this attack more than 250 thousand people died and the soils became contaminated by the radiation. However, in the following years, sprouts and leaves grew from the charred trunks of some trees, becoming symbols of peace and hope.

Schedule:
  • Open: Every Day at 08 a.m.
  • Closed:
    • ​January: 5:30 p.m.
    • February: 6:30 p.m.
    • March: 7:00 p.m.
    • April: 8:30 p.m.
    • May: 9:00 p.m.
    • June: 9:00 p.m.
    • July: 9:00 p.m.
    • August: 9:00 p.m.
    • September: 8:00 p.m.
    • October: 7:00 p.m.
    • November: 5:30 p.m.
    • December: 5:30 p.m.



Garden of Paraíso

In Portas de Moura Square, between the streets of Machede and Mendo Estevens, stands the Garden of Paraíso. With an area of 1730 m2, this garden is structured by two pedestrian paths that intersect and from where all its design and geometry flows. These define the location of five raised beds that sustain all the plant life of the place, defining a central area with places to sit down, elements of water, benches and a kiosk. Here, shade and comfort set the tone, the variety of plant species appeals to the senses by contrast. Volumes, textures, colours or even the calm of the water, increase the pleasure of staying and the fruition of the place. The smooth, harmonious crowns of the melias, the elegant verticality of the upright cedars, the coarse texture of the leafy maple, the delicacy and transparency of casuarinas and bastard pepper, also the colours that punctuate the garden, white of the philadelphus, the rose of the loendro, the purple of the prunus, the lilac of the melias and even the various shades of green, of the brachychitons, lindens, robinias and also the lawn, confer  the garden a unique and attractive ambiance for a longer stay.



Garden of Bacelo

Garden located between Rua do Viveiro and Avenida Fernando Pessoa, with an area of 3780 m2, in a residential area. The space is subdivided transversally, by two streets. It is essentially constituted by grassy areas punctuated with some trees, benches and chairs. It is designed for informal recreation, walking and social gatherings. The largest of the three areas has a small square with an element of water.



 

SQUARES

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Largo do Chão das Covas (square) 

Largo do Chão das Covas is located north of Praça do Giraldo in the civil parish of São Mamede, flowing harmoniously in the urban fabric, framed by the charm of the Aqueduct of Água da Prata in Rua do Cano and Rua do Escudeiro da Roda. The central part has an area of 726.5 m2, where alternating sets of medium-sized tree species, koelreuteria paniculado – Golden rain tree, and ligustrum lucidum – Broad-leaf privet, can be found as well as supporting urban furniture, which endow the place with dynamism and strengthens its character as a place of social gathering and fruition. Largo do Chão das Covas is not only a leisurely place, but also a versatile place that supports small fairs and markets, which diversifies its potential for socialization. It is also worth mentioning the presence of architectural elements of high monumental and aesthetic value, such as the "Aqueduto da Água da Prata" and the 17th century fountain.

 

Largo de Avis (square) 

 Located north of Praça do Giraldo in the civil parish of São Mamede, there it is Largo de Avis (square), adjoining one of the main arteries of the city within Walls, of the same name. The street "drains" into the physical memory of the medieval Archway of Avis, what confirms the richness and cultural diversity in the history of urban development of the city. The Largo de Avis offers the visitor, a more intimate zone of rest where the three vegetal extracts, represented by repeated Sóforas (Kowhay trees), shrubs of different volumes and textures, hedges of Privets (ligustro) or herbaceous plants, supported by the centrality of the fountain, such as if involving the space, produce a particular ambience, that partially assures a visual and sound barrier to the outside life. So this space invites for its freshness and calm, and challenges you to watch and participate, in a joyful and pleasant dialogue between shade and sun, almost isolated from the surrounding sunny reality.



Largo das Alterações (square) 

West of Giraldo Square, at the end of Serpa Pinto street, in full contemplation of Alconchel's Gateway, is the Largo das Alterações. It is a discreet space, usually enjoyed by local residents , who remain there for a few hours in the day, sitting on the granite benches enjoying either the sun or the shade provided by rows of Ashleaf maple trees (Acer negundo). The square is set in a central rectangular area, paved in uneven limestone where the tree beds and fixed benches mark the boundaries of the space and define the gathering and socializing area where outside sitting areas from the surrounding cafes are also set.
 

Largo dos Penedos (square) 

Largo dos Penedos is located west from Giraldo Square and in the extension of the streets Frei Braz and Cal Branca. The remarkable presence of a huge and leafy Platanus, gives to the space, a daily, permanent shadow. The square is not conducive to stay or rest, either by the absence of equipment or by being a parking zone.

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